North Indian diet lacks adequate nutrition finds new study

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A new study has shed light on the way food is consumed in the northern states of India. The study led by researchers at the George Institute for Global Health India, in collaboration with the Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER) in Chandigarh has found that in North India there is a higher-than-recommended dietary intake of salt and phosphorus while relatively low protein and potassium consumption.
The findings of the study has been published in the journal Frontiers in Nutrition.
For the study a total of 400 adults were observed; this included both the healthy and those with early-stage chronic kidney disease (CKD).
“A poor nutritious diet is a major risk element for non-communicable diseases (NCD), which are of considerable public health concern. In India, people eat different foods, so it is important to know exactly what nutrients they are getting to help prevent and manage these diseases” said lead author Prof. Vivekanand Jha, Executive Director, The George Institute for Global Health, India, in the statement.
In 2020, a study had found that Indian diet is mostly devoid of essential nutrients. The study published in BMC journal revealed that Indian diet has insufficient amount of protein, fruits and vegetables. “The average daily calorie consumption in India is below the recommended 2503 kcal/capita/day across all groups compared, except for the richest 5% of the population,” the study which is a comparison of the Indian diet with the EAT-Lancet reference diet.
Why is this study important?
A diet rich in balanced nutrients is essential for maintaining overall health and well-being. Each nutrient plays a unique role in the body, contributing to various physiological functions. Carbohydrates provide energy for daily activities, proteins support muscle growth and repair, and fats aid in nutrient absorption and hormone production. Vitamins and minerals are crucial for cellular function, immune health, and disease prevention. Fiber promotes digestive health and helps regulate blood sugar levels. Consuming a variety of nutrient-dense foods ensures that the body receives all essential nutrients in the right proportions. A balanced diet supports optimal growth and development, enhances immune function, improves cognitive performance, and reduces the risk of chronic diseases such as obesity, diabetes, and heart disease. By prioritizing nutrient-rich foods, individuals can nourish their bodies and maintain lifelong health and vitality.

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