List of visionary tall buildings and structures: Difference between revisions

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Name
Pinnacle height
Year of first proposal
Structure type
Main use
Country
City
Year of projected completion
Description

Houston Tower
2,092 m (6,864 ft)
1979
Skyscraper
Residential, commercial, retail, leisure real estate, office

 United States
Houston
Never begun
The Houston Tower was an envisioned skyscraper that would have been nearly 1.3 miles (2.1 km) tall (6864 ft/2092 m) and taken up 16 city blocks in Houston.

Aeropolis 2001
2,001 m (6,565 ft)
1989
Arcology Skyscraper
Residential, commercial, retail, and leisure real estate
 Japan
Tokyo
Never begun
The Aeropolis 2001 was a proposed project for construction of a massive 500-story high-rise building over Tokyo Bay in Japan. It was proposed to be a 2,000 m (6,562 ft) high building.

The Illinois
1,609 m (5,279 ft)
1956
Skyscraper
Commercial, Residential, and leisure real estate
 United States
Chicago
Never begun
The Illinois, envisioned by Frank Lloyd Wright in 1956, was to be a mile high (1609 m / 5280 ft) skyscraper in Chicago.

1 Dubai
1,008 m (3,307 ft)
2006
Skyscraper
Unknown
 United Arab Emirates
Dubai
2010 (cancelled in 2009)
1 Dubai is a proposal in Dubai to planned to be completed, but in 2009, it was cancelled.

Nakheel Tower
1,000 m (3,300 ft)
2003
Skyscraper
residential, hotel, office
 United Arab Emirates
Dubai
2020 (cancelled 2009)
Cancelled due to financial problems.

Sky City (Changsha)
838 m (2,749 ft)
2013
Skyscraper
Residential, commercial, retail, and leisure real estate
 China
Changsha
2014 (cancelled 2014)
Cancelled due to concerns over the building’s impact on the local environment.[30]

World Trade Center Chicago
762 m (2,500 ft)
1986
Skyscraper
Office
 United States
Chicago
(Cancelled in 1992)

Canceled by Stanley Raskow due to lack of investors.

Dubai One
711 m (2,333 ft)
2015
Skyscraper
Residential, hotel, observation, restaurant and conference
 United Arab Emirates
Dubai
2023 (Cancelled in 2021)
Dubai One is a proposal in Dubai to planned to be completed in 2023, but in 2021, it was cancelled.

India Tower
707.5 m (2,321 ft)
2010
Skyscraper
residential / hotel / office
 India
Mumbai
(Cancelled 2015)
In May 2011 Mumbai’s civic building proposals department issued a stop-work order due to a payment dispute with the developers, halting the tower’s construction indefinitely. The tower was cancelled on 16 October 2015.

Phare du Monde
701 m (2,300 ft)
1934
Concrete observation tower
Leisure and retail real estate
 France
Paris
1937 (construction never begun)
Phare du Monde, was a project for a 701 metre tall observation tower for the world exhibition in Paris, 1937. It was planned as a concrete tower similar to a modern TV tower, but also with a ramp for drive up access.

Fanhai Centre
699 m (2,293 ft)
2017
Skyscraper
Residential and commercial
 China
Wuhan
2027 (cancelled in 2020)
The project was canceled along with other projects in 2020 due to China’s new prohibition of skyscrapers over 500 metres (1,600 ft). It will be replaced by the 477 meter Fanhai Centre.

Shenwan Station Towers Plot DU01-01
680 m (2,230 ft)
2013
Skyscraper
Residential and commercial
 China
Shenzhen
2030 (cancelled in 2019)
The project was canceled because the site did not allow buildings measuring more than 400 m. The project was replaced by shorter towers.

Grollo Tower
678 m (2,224 ft)
1997
Skyscraper
Residential, commercial, and leisure real estate
 Australia
Melbourne
2004 (cancelled 2001)
Construction was cancelled on the Grollo Tower (named after the architect) in Melbourne’s developing Dockland precinct in April 2001 after Melbourne’s Docklands Authority ruled it out of the tender for development of the Batman Hill’s precinct due to disagreements over who would pay for infrastructure improvements. The area is now occupied by a mixture of smaller commercial and residential buildings. The Grollo Tower would have been the world’s tallest building at the time at 560 m (1837 ft) tall, down from the originally planned 678 m (2,224 ft) height, and still would have been the tallest building in the southern hemisphere.

Millenium Tower Las Vegas
671 m (2,201 ft)
2001
Skyscraper
Residential, commercial, and retail real estate
 United States
Las Vegas
2001 (cancelled in 2002)
Millennium Tower was proposed to be 671 m (2,201 ft) as the tallest building in the world, but it was cancelled in 2002 because of its massive height.

Hanzheng Jie Project Tower 1
666 m (2,185 ft)
2011
Skyscraper
Residential and commercial
 China
Wuhan
2026 (cancelled in 2020)
The project was canceled along with other projects in 2020 due to China’s new prohibition of skyscrapers over 500 metres (1,600 ft).

PAGCOR Tower
665 m (2,182 ft)
2008
Observation tower
Leisure and observation facilities
 Philippines
Manila
Cancelled in 2010
Originally part of the plans for the PAGCOR Entertainment City, the project was scrapped due to various reasons including air traffic regulations due to close proximity to Ninoy Aquino International Airport

Anara Tower

655 m (2,149 ft)

2008

Skyscraper

Mixed Use

 United Arab Emirates

Dubai

Cancelled In 2013

The 135 Story Anara Tower Was Proposed To Be 655 Meters Tall. It Was Cancelled In 2013

Warsaw radio mast
646 m (2,119 ft)
Original in 1968, Replacement in 1992
Guyed mast
VHF-UHF transmission
 Poland
Warsaw
1997 (cancelled 1995)
Until late 1995, there were plans to rebuild the collapsed 646 m (2,119 ft) Warsaw Radio Mast to its previous height on the same site, using the basements of the old mast. Although some refurbishment of the basements started, work was canceled after violent protests by local residents, who feared harmful radiation effects from the high-power transmitter served by the antenna. A new transmission facility with two smaller masts measuring 330 and 289 m was built as a replacement in 1998–99 at Solec Kujawski.

Changchun World Trade Center
631 m (2,070 ft)
2017
Skyscraper
Serviced, apartaments, hotel, and office
 China
Changchun
2028 (cancelled in 2020)
The project was canceled along with other projects in 2020 due to China’s new prohibition of skyscrapers over 500 metres (1,600 ft).

Triple One
620 m (2,030 ft)
2007
Skyscraper
Mixed Use
 South Korea
Seoul
2020 (cancelled in 2013)
The Triple One, 620 m (2,030 ft) tall, is a proposed building in Yongsan Dreamhub designed by Renzo Piano and 112 floors to be tallest building in South Korea.

Rama IX Super Tower
615 m (2,018 ft)
2015
Skyscraper
Mixed Use
 Thailand
Bangkok
2026 (cancelled in 2020)
The Grand Rama 9 Tower, (formerly known as Rama IX Super Tower), was a proposed skyscraper in Bangkok, Thailand but has been cancelled. It was planned to be 615 m (2,018 ft) tall.

Philippine Diamond Tower
612 m (2,008 ft)
2014
Observation tower
Leisure, observation, and broadcast
 Philippines
Quezon City
2019 (construction never begun; projected to be completed within three years)
The observation tower’s height of 612 m (2,008 ft) is meant to signify the date of the Philippine declaration of independence (June 12).

Old Chicago Main Post Office Twin Towers
610 m (2,000 ft)
2011
Skyscraper
Residential, commercial, and hotel
 United States
Chicago
2022 (cancelled in 2014)
Cancelled due to the dissolution of the construction company and abandonment of the project.

7 South Dearborn
610 m (2,000 ft)
1999
Skyscraper
Residential, commercial, and retail real estate as well as communications facilities
 United States
Chicago
2004 (cancelled in 2000 due to lack of funding)
7 South Dearborn in Chicago was planned in 1999 to be 610 m (2,001 ft).

Chicago Spire
610 m (2,000 ft)
2005
Skyscraper
Residential real estate
 United States
Chicago
2019 (cancelled in 2016)
The Chicago Spire designed by Santiago Calatrava was intended to be the tallest building in the western hemisphere as well as the tallest residential building in the world. It was abandoned in 2008 due to financial problems. As of March 11, 2014, as long as the project is funded, it assumed to resume construction.

Miglin-Beitler Skyneedle
610 m (2,000 ft)
1988
Skyscraper
Commercial, and Residential real estate
 United States
Chicago
1994 (cancelled 1992)
The Miglin-Beitler Skyneedle in Chicago was to be 610 m (2,001 ft)[31] tall in 1988.

Shenwan Station Towers Plot DU02-01
580 m (1,900 ft)
2013
Skyscraper
Residential and commercial
 China
Shenzhen
2030 (cancelled in 2019)
The project was canceled because the site did not allow buildings measuring more than 400 m. The project was replaced by shorter towers.

International Business Center
580 m (1,900 ft)
2007
Skyscraper
Commercial real estate
 South Korea
Seoul
2013 (cancelled 2008)
International Business Center was a proposed skyscraper to be constructed in Seoul, South Korea for a height of 580 m (1,900 ft), it was to have 130 floors planned to be completed in 2013.

Crown Las Vegas
575 m (1,886 ft)
2006
Skyscraper
Residential, commercial, and retail real estate
 United States
Las Vegas
2006 (cancelled in 2008)
Crown Las Vegas was proposed to be 575 m (1,886 ft), but it was cancelled in 2008 after 2 major redesigns.

Kowloon MTR Tower
574 m (1,883 ft)
2000
Skyscraper
Office
 China
Hong Kong
2009 (cancelled 2001)
Now built as the International Commerce Center.

Entisar Tower
570 m (1,870 ft)
2012
Skyscraper
Residential, Office and Hotel
 United Arab Emirates
Dubai
2020 (cancelled in 2023)
In 2012, Meydan Group announced the Entisar Tower, Construction was halted in 2017 due Dubai’s civic building proposals department issued a stop-work order due to a payment dispute with developers, The tower was canceled in December 2023. It was be replaced by Burj Azizi.

Grollo Tower
560 m (1,840 ft)
2001
Skyscraper
Residential and Commercial real estate
 Australia
Melbourne
2001 (cancelled in 2004)
Revised version of the Grollo Tower shown above.

New York Stock Exchange Tower
546 m (1,791 ft)
1997
Skyscraper
Office
 United States
New York City
2004 (cancelled 2001)
The 546 m tall, 140 story tower was cancelled in 2001 due to 9/11.

Grant USA Tower
533.4 m (1,750 ft)
1970
Skyscraper
Commercial, retail, and leisure real estate
 United States
Newark, New Jersey
1986 (cancelled 1986)
The Grant USA Tower was planned by developer Harry Grant, who started New York Apple Tours. The building was to be completed in 1986 and to be the tallest hotel, tallest building and tallest structure. Harry Grant went bankrupt and the building never broke ground.[32]

Television City Tower
510 m (1,670 ft)
1985
Skyscraper
Residential, commercial, retail, and leisure real estate
 United States
New York City
1988 (cancelled 1985)
The 510 m tall, 150 story, Helmut Jahn-designed tower proposed by Donald Trump in New York, United States was cancelled in 1988 due to serious local opposition.

Eaton’s / John Maryon Tower
503 m (1,650 ft)
1971
Skyscraper
Commercial and leisure real estate
 Canada
Toronto
1976 (cancelled 1972)
Eaton’s / John Maryon Tower was a planned 503 m (1,650 ft) (686m to spire) tall building in Toronto in 1971.

10 Columbus Circle
500 m (1,600 ft)
1986
Skyscraper
Residential, commercial, retail, and leisure real estate
 United States
New York
1987 (cancelled 1986)
The 500 m tall, 137 story, 10 Columbus Circle in New York, United States was cancelled in 1987.

Dragon Tower
500 m (1,600 ft)
1996
Skyscraper
Residential, commercial, retail, and leisure real estate
 Indonesia
Jakarta
2002 (cancelled 1998)
The 500 m tall, 101 story, Dragon Tower was cancelled in 1998 due to the Asian financial crisis.

Kaisa Feng Long Center
500 m (1,600 ft)
2011
Skyscraper
Hotel / office
 China
Shenzhen
2012 (cancelled 2011)

Shenwan Station Towers Plot DU01-03
480 m (1,570 ft)
2013
Skyscraper
Residential and commercial
 China
Shenzhen
2030 (cancelled in 2019)
The project was canceled because the site did not allow buildings measuring more than 400 m. The project was replaced by shorter towers.

Empire City Tower
462 m (1,516 ft)
2015
Skyscraper
Mixed use
 Vietnam
Ho Chi Minh City
2022 (cancelled 2017)
The 462 m tall, 86 story, Empire City Tower was cancelled in 2017. It will be replaced by the 333 meter Empire 88 Tower.

The Hyperboloid
455 m (1,493 ft)
1956
Skyscraper
Residential, commercial, retail, and leisure real estate
 United States
New York City
1959 (cancelled 1957)
The 108 story Hyperboloid designed by I. M. Pei was cancelled in 1957. Now built as the Metlife Tower.

Brisbane Central Tower
450 m (1,480 ft)
1987
Skyscraper
Unknown
 Australia
Brisbane
1987 (cancelled in 1993)

Minuzzo Tower
450 m (1,480 ft)
1993
Skyscraper
Unknown
 Australia
Brisbane
1993 (cancelled in 1995)

Twin Towers 2
450 m (1,480 ft)
2004
Skyscraper
Office, observation, communication
 United States
New York City
2018 (cancelled in 2010)

CBD-1
445 m (1,460 ft)
1993
Skyscraper
Unknown
 Australia
Sydney
1995 (cancelled in 1997)

Psary, Poland broadcast tower
440 m (1,440 ft)
2009
Reinforced concrete and steel television tower
DVB-T signal transmission
 Poland
Psary, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship
undetermined
At Bodzentyn, Poland a 440 metres tall tower is proposed for distributing DVB-T signals from the satellite station to TV broadcasting sites.[33] It will be, if built, the tallest man-made structure in Europe outside Russia.

Bank of the Southwest Tower
428 m (1,404 ft)
1997
Skyscraper
Office
 United States
Houston
1982 (cancelled 1984)
The 86 story tower was cancelled in 1984 due to an oil bust in Texas.

Palace of Soviets
415 m (1,362 ft)
1932
Skyscraper
Bureaucratic administrative center and conference hall
 Soviet Union
Moscow
1947 (cancelled 1942)
The Palace of Soviets, planned in 1932, was to be 415 m (including a 100 m Lenin statue), and would have been the tallest building in the world at the time if completed. Construction was halted during World War II, during which the uncompleted structure was partially dismantled; its foundations were later to serve as the world’s largest open-air swimming pool before being razed in 1995.

The Monument to the Third International
400 m (1,300 ft)
1919
Grand Monument
Conference hall, bureaucratic administrative center, information administrative center
 Soviet Union
Moscow
None given
During the Russian October Revolution of 1917, Vladimir Tatlin designed a structure named The Monument to the Third International, which was to serve as the international headquarters of the Komintern. Better known as the Tatlin Tower, the structure was to rise to a height of 400 m (1,312 ft), which would have made it by far the tallest building in the world at that time, but time & resource shortages as well as the social upheavals that resulted from the Russian Civil War, economic mismanagement, and political repressions halted the project.

Millennium Freedom Tower
376.8 m (1,236 ft)
1998
Observation tower
Leisure and observation facilities
 United States
Newport, Kentucky
2000 (above ground construction never begun)
The Millennium Freedom Tower was a project to be located in Newport, Kentucky, United States was originally proposed in 1998 to be dedicated on Dec 31, 1999. The original height was a proposed 1,234 feet (376 m) and was later lowered to 1,103 ft (306 m). Pilings were driven in 1998, but construction never continued above ground.[34]

Watkin’s Tower
358 m (1,175 ft)
1890
Iron latticed observation tower
Leisure and retail real estate
 United Kingdom
Wembley
1894 (construction halted 1896)
Watkin’s Tower in Wembley, London was planned in 1891 to surpass the Eiffel Tower by 50 m (164 ft), but construction stopped before that height was reached due to unstable land and insufficient funds. The tower remnants were dismantled in the 1900s, and the site was redeveloped as Wembley Stadium.

Scandinavian Tower
325 m (1,066 ft)
1997
Skyscraper
Residential
 Sweden
Malmö
2004
The Scandinavian Tower was intended to be the tallest skyscraper in Europe.[35] It was abandoned in 2004 in favor of Malmö Tower.

Torre Bicentenario
300 m (980 ft)
2007
Comercial

 Mexico
Mexico City
2010 (cancelled in 2007)
The Torre Bicentenario (Bicentennial Tower) was a skyscraper project planned for Mexico City. The inauguration date was planned to be September 16, 2010, which is the day of the 200th anniversary of the Mexican War of Independence, hence the building’s name. The Torre Bicentenario was canceled in 2007.

World Science Tower
N/A
1964
Guyed mast
Leisure facilities
 United States
Larkspur, Colorado
N/A
The World Science Tower was going to be one of the world’s tallest buildings, proposed in 1964. It would have had an amusement park at its base.

Volkshalle
290 m (950 ft)with spire 320 m (1,050 ft)
1937
Skyscraper
Cultural and convention center
 Nazi Germany
Berlin
1950 (cancelled 1942)
Huge domed monument building planned by Adolf Hitler and Albert Speer for Germania, the projected renewal of the German capitol Berlin.

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