Ivica Dačić: Difference between revisions


Prime Minister of Serbia

Ivica DačićDačić in 2023Acting 20 March 2024PresidentAleksandar VučićPreceded byAna BrnabićActing31 May 2017 – 29 June 2017PresidentAleksandar VučićPreceded byAleksandar VučićSucceeded byAna BrnabićIn office27 July 2012 – 27 April 2014PresidentTomislav NikolićDeputyAleksandar Vučić (first)Jovan KrkobabićRasim LjajićSuzana GrubješićPreceded byMirko CvetkovićSucceeded byAleksandar VučićAssumed office 26 October 2022Prime MinisterAna BrnabićHimself (acting)Preceded byBranko RužićIn office27 April 2014 – 22 October 2020Prime MinisterAleksandar VučićHimself (acting)Ana BrnabićPreceded byAleksandar VučićSucceeded byBranko RužićIn office7 July 2008 – 27 July 2012Prime MinisterMirko CvetkovićPreceded byBožidar ĐelićSucceeded byAleksandar VučićAssumed office 26 October 2022Prime MinisterAna BrnabićPreceded byNikola SelakovićIn office27 April 2014 – 22 October 2020Prime MinisterAleksandar VučićHimself (acting)Ana BrnabićPreceded byIvan MrkićSucceeded byAna Brnabić (acting)Nikola SelakovićIn office22 October 2020 – 1 August 2022Preceded byMaja GojkovićSucceeded byVladimir OrlićIn office7 July 2008 – 27 April 2014Prime MinisterMirko CvetkovićHimselfPreceded byMirjana Orašanin (acting)Succeeded byNebojša StefanovićIn office24 October 2000 – 25 January 2001Served with Bogoljub Pejčić and Biserka Matić-SpasojevićPrime MinisterMilomir MinićPreceded byAleksandar VučićSucceeded byOffice abolished
Born (1966-01-01) 1 January 1966 (age 58)Prizren, SR Serbia, SFR YugoslaviaPolitical partySPSSpouseSanja Djaković DačićChildren2Alma materUniversity of BelgradeSignature
Ivica Dačić (Serbian Cyrillic: Ивица Дачић, pronounced [îʋitsa dâtʃitɕ]; born 1 January 1966) is a Serbian politician serving as first deputy prime minister of Serbia and minister of foreign affairs since 2022, roles which he previously served under governments of Mirko Cvetković, Aleksandar Vučić, and Ana Brnabić. He has been the leader of the Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS) since 2006 and acting prime minister of Serbia following the election of Brnabić as president of the National Assembly in March 2024.[1]
Dačić graduated from the University of Belgrade in 1989 and joined SPS in 1991. He quickly rose up the ranks of the party, becoming its spokesman in 1992, under his mentor, Slobodan Milosević, President of Serbia and FR Yugoslavia.[2] After the fall of Milošević, he served as the minister of information in a transitional government from 2000 to 2001. Dačić became SPS party leader in 2006. Like his predecessor Milošević, he is regarded as a pragmatic leader willing to change views based on circumstance and has worked to reform the party. Dačić led SPS into a government with the Democratic Party (DS) in 2008, after which he became the first deputy prime minister and minister of internal affairs, roles which he served until 2012. The DS–SPS government reached an EU candidate status. After the 2012 parliamentary election, SPS formed a coalition government with the Serbian Progressive Party (SNS); Dačić was elected prime minister. The SNS–SPS government pursued the European Union to start formal negotiations for the accession of Serbia and he signed the Brussels Agreement on the normalisation of relations of governments of Serbia and Kosovo.
In 2014, he returned to being the first deputy prime minister and also became the minister of foreign affairs, roles which he served until 2020.[3][4] Dačić was elected president of the National Assembly after the 2020 parliamentary election and was succeeded by Vladimir Orlić in 2022.[5] Commentators described his political positions as populist[6][7][8] and nationalist.[9][10][11]

Early life[edit]
Dačić was born on 1 January 1966 in Prizren, which at the time was part of the Socialist Republic of Serbia within Yugoslavia. Dačić was born to a Serbian family and was brought up in Žitorađa. His father, Desimir, was a police officer, and his mother, Jelisaveta (“Jela”), was a housewife.[12][13] His parents were both born in villages under the Jastrebac.[13] When Ivica was six months old, the family moved to Žitorađa.[13] He has a sister, Emica.[13] At the age of 5, he was featured in the newspapers in the article “Enciklopedija u kratkim pantalonama” (Encyclopaedia in shorts) as he had learnt to read and write himself, knew the names of many mountains, rivers and capitals, nearly all notable football players and results of matches.[13]
His childhood nickname was Bucko and his classmates at secondary school in Žitorađa described him as very intelligent for his age – he reportedly managed to often amaze his teachers with his knowledge and wit. He played handball and football and associated with everyone at his school.[12] In the state-run history-contest named “Tito, revolucija, mir”, which was held in all republics, Dačić won over 600 others.[12] The family was described as humble and not wealthy, and as they lived off one paycheck, the parents picked mushrooms and dog rose in order to send Ivica and his sister to school.[12] The parents sold the house in Žitorađa in 2010 and moved to Prokuplje, Desimir had until some years ago driven a 1977 Fiat 500.[12]
He went to high school in Niš, where he excelled with the highest grades (5), and graduated from the University of Belgrade’s Faculty of Political Sciences, with a degree in journalism in 1989, with a highest medium grade of 10, and also won the award for the best student of scientific achievements.[12][14] His sister Emica has degrees in pedagogy and drama.[12] He was in the faculty organisation Association of Communists, and in 1990 he was elected the first president of the Young Socialists of Belgrade.[13][14]

Political career[edit]
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Early years[edit]
At the beginning of the 1990s, he was an editor for the short-lived newspapers of the Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS), “Epoha”.[14] He became a member of SPS in the middle of 1991.[14] He was the head of the Information and Propaganda staff of the SPS during the elections in 1992 and 1993, and then a minister of the Citizens’ council in the first assembly of Yugoslavia, and member of the Executive Committee of the Main Board (IO GO) and Vice-President of the Council for Information and Propaganda of the SPS.[14] He was appointed member of IO GO on the second congress of SPS on 26 October 1992, with the most won votes.[14]
In the mid-1990s, Milošević’s wife Mirjana Marković moved Dačić to a small office in a Belgrade suburb in order to curb his growing ambitions.[15] Dačić was appointed member of IO GO again in the next congress in 1996, when there were major personnel changes in the party leadership, and of 27 members of IO GO, voted in 1992, only 5 remained, including Dačić.[14] He was the spokesman of SPS for 8 years, between 1992 and 2000.[14][16] In 1996, Dačić was a minister in the Citizens’ Council of the Assembly of Yugoslavia and President of the Committee on Public Information, and in 1997 he was member of the Committee on Foreign Relations.[14] In April 1999, the federal government appointed him a member of the Board of Tanjug, and in early May, as President of the Federal Council of the public institution RTV Yugoslavia.[14]

President of the SPS Main Board and 2004 elections[edit]

He was elected President of the Belgrade Socialists on 10 February 2000, and again on 5 December 2000 in the election conference of the City Board of SPS.[14] Following the Bulldozer Revolution on 5 October 2000, Milošević was arrested by Serbian police on 31 March 2001, and was eventually transferred to The Hague to be prosecuted by the ICTY.
In the transitional government, from October 2000 to January 2001, Dačić was the co-minister of Information alongside Biserka Matić (DOS) and Bogoljub Pejčić (SPO).[14] On 24 September 2000 he was elected the minister of the Citizens’ Council of the Assembly of Yugoslavia, and then member of the Committee on Security and Foreign Policy in both federal assemblies.[14] Dačić reformed the party with his assembling of a team of young moderates, while retaining some of the former figures to satisfy the elderly ex-communists.[15]
Dačić was the President of the Main Board of the SPS and was the Vice-President of the SPS from 2000 to 2003, and federal deputy in the Chamber of Citizens of the Federal Assembly of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Assembly of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro from 1992 to 2004.[13] In the sixth congress of SPS, on 18 January 2003, Dačić was elected the President of the Main Board of SPS.[14] Since 2003, he was deputy in the parliament, and head of the parliamentary group of SPS.[14]
He was the party’s presidential candidate in the 2004 election and placed fifth with 125,952 votes (4,04%).[14][17]

Party leadership[edit]
He was elected President of the Socialist Party on the seventh congress on 4 December 2006, winning over candidate Milorad Vučelić in the second round with 1287 points, versus 792 points, of the delegates votes.[14] In 2007, he was the President of the Committee on Security of the Parliament.[14] On 7 July 2008, the government appointed Dačić the first Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Police.[14] He became a member of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE).[14]
In 2008, the Socialists were back in power as partners of the Democrats in the For a European Serbia-electoral alliance, led by Boris Tadić, after the 2008 Serbian parliamentary election; the Democrats were the main party that had helped oust Milošević.[15] Dačić supported Serbia’s EU ambitions.[15]
In August 2010, Dačić and his family were under police protection after threats by the Serbian mafia.[18] In 2012, the Security Intelligence Agency (Serbia’s intelligence agency) received information that drug boss Darko Šarić had offered 10 million € to assassinate Tadić and Dačić.[19]

2012 elections, Prime Minister[edit]

Dačić in 2013
The Socialist Party entered a coalition with the Party of United Pensioners of Serbia (PUPS), and United Serbia. In the 2012 parliamentary election the Socialist Party’s coalition had come third with 556.013 votes, 14.53%, 44 seats;[14] The Serbian Progressive Party (SNS), led by Tomislav Nikolić, beat the Democratic Party of Tadić in both the parliamentary and 2012 presidential election.[15] Of the results, Dačić said “We have risen from the ashes” after the Party had doubled their results from the previous election.[15] After weeks of negotiations, the Socialist Party left the alliance with the Democrats in favour of the Serbian Progressive Party.[15][20] Nikolić offered the Prime Minister post to Dačić,[15] and on 28 June 2012, Dačić received a mandate to form a new Government of Serbia.[21][22] Dačić assumed office on 27 July.[23] He said at a reception: “In this chamber there are many who toppled us in 2000, and I thank them, for if they hadn’t toppled us we wouldn’t have changed, realised our mistakes and we wouldn’t be standing here today.”.[15]
The government included the SPS and SNS, along with several smaller parties, headed by Nikolić, a former nationalist.[22] The election has triggered some unease, as it marks the return of power of Milošević’s allies.[22] Dačić has worked on transforming the party since taking over after Milošević, proclaiming a pro-EU path,[24] and abandoning Milošević’s nationalist policies.[22] The stagnant economy[22] has resulted in Dačić set to forming a “economic recovery council” by the end of August.[25] The Serbian parliament elected Jorgovanka Tabaković (SNS) as new central bank governor.[26]

Upon becoming Prime Minister, he faced the challenges of a declining economy and Serbia’s accession to the EU.[15] Speaking to Parliament, he said that unemployment and economic recovery were the state’s main priorities.[15]

Foreign relations[edit]

Dačić with Austrian Foreign Minister Sebastian Kurz, 21 January 2014
Dačić with European Commissioners Ylva Johansson, 24 January 2023
He has said that Serbia will “co-operate with all the countries of the world, advocate security, stability and good relations in the western Balkans and hold out its hand in reconciliation”.[10]

EU membership[edit]

Dačić with President of the European Commission José Manuel Barroso, 28 June 2013
Serbia earned EU candidate status under Tadić’s government, and Dačić has said that the new government will implement everything the previous government had accepted in the EU talks.[10] Dačić supporters claim his pro-EU stance is evident in the handover of Radovan Karadžić and Ratko Mladić under his tenure as Interior Minister, and his role in the visa-free travel for Serbs in the EU.[15] Following the European Council’s confirmation on 28 June 2013 that formal negotiations for the accession of Serbia to the EU could begin, Dačić announced that the Serbian government would remain continuously in session with the aim of completing the talks as quickly as possible.[27] He emphasised that harmonisation with European laws is an integral part of the government’s plan for boosting investment and employment.[28]

Status of Kosovo[edit]

Dačić alongside European Commission First Vice-President Catherine Ashton (left) and Kosovar Prime Minister Hashim Thaçi, 2 February 2014
On 17 February 2008, the Assembly of Kosovo declared independence.[29] It was the second declaration of independence by Kosovo’s Albanian-majority political institutions, the first having been proclaimed on 7 September 1990.[30] The legality of the declaration, and indeed whether it was an act of the Assembly, was disputed by the government of Serbia. Serbia sought international validation and support for its stance, and in October 2008 Serbia requested an advisory opinion on the matter from the International Court of Justice.[31] The Court determined that the declaration of independence was legal.[32]
In 2006, upon being elected party leader, Dačić said that he had no problem fighting for Kosovo as he had done it before.[10] Although the recognition of Kosovo by Serbia might not be a requirement for Serbia’s EU accession,[10] the EU opposes any partition of Kosovo into ethnic entities.[10] In May 2011, he said that partition of Kosovo would be the “only realistic solution”.[33]
On 25 July 2011, the North Kosovo crisis began when the Kosovo Police crossed into the Serb-controlled municipalities of North Kosovo, in an attempt to control several border crossings without the consultation of either Serbia or KFOR/EULEX.[34][35] Though tensions between the two sides eased somewhat after the intervention of NATO’s KFOR forces, they continued to remain high amid concern from the EU, who also blamed Kosovo for the unilateral provocation.[36]
On 24 November 2011, Dačić said that he saw the Republic of Kosovo’s incident with Serbs in North Kosovo as an attack on Serbia.[37] The BBC claimed the “nationalist” leanings of Kosovo-born Dačić raise speculation on the policy towards the Kosovo issue, which may implicate on Serbia’s EU application.[10]
Dačić’s stance has since dramatically changed; in February 2013 he met Hashim Thaçi, the Prime Minister of Kosovo, in Brussels for the most important in a series of talks.[38] On 19 April 2013, Dačić and his government took another step towards normalising relations between Kosovo and Serbia.[39] In March 2013, Dačić said that while his government would never recognise Kosovo’s independence, “lies were told that Kosovo is ours” and that Serbia needed to define its “real borders”.[40]

Dačić addressing the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly in Helsinki, 9 July 2015
The Socialist-controlled gas monopoly Srbijagas which entered into partnership with Russian oil giant Gazprom during the coalition government with the Democratic Party.[15] On 12 July, Dačić called the Serbian financial sector “the greatest enemy of the people”.[10] The stagnant economy[22] has resulted in Dačić set to forming a “economic recovery council” by the end of August.[25] Dejan Šoškić was replaced as Governor of National Bank of Serbia by Jorgovanka Tabaković on 6 August 2012.[41]

Protege of Slobodan Milošević[edit]
Because he was a high-profile spokesman for Milošević, he received the nickname “Little Sloba” after his mentor.[15][10] Dačić said that the Socialist Party he inherited from Milošević made mistakes, but he still revered Milošević.[15] He said, regarding his history with Milošević: “The past is of no interest to me because I cannot change it but we can do something to change our country’s future.”[10]
Nenad Sebek, executive director of the Centre for Reconciliation and Democracy think-tank said “Dačić is one of the most intelligent and cunning politicians in Serbia […] Without ever saying sorry for what his party did during the
1990s under Milošević, Dačić single-handedly returned the Socialists to the political mainstream in Serbia.”[15] Sebek continued: “He is extremely smart and likely to be very cooperative when negotiating with the international community, but he’s still an eyesore for anyone who doesn’t have the memory of a goldfish.”[15]
The EU had earlier listed Dačić among persons in Milošević’s circle prohibited from entering the EU.[14][when?]

Personal life[edit]
Dačić’s wife is named Sanja Djaković Dačić. He has two children, a son named Luka and a daughter named Andrea.
Dačić was a licensed amateur radio operator and former President of KK Partizan Sport Association of Serbia. He was also Vice-President of the Olympic Committee of FR Yugoslavia.[14] He was appointed President of RK Partizan on 23 June 2007.[14] His father, Desimir, died on 30 January 2018.

See also[edit]


^ “Ana Brnabić izabrana za predsednicu Skupštine Srbije”. N1 (in Serbian). 20 March 2024. Retrieved 20 March 2024.

^ “Ivica Dačić: Slobodan Milošević nije razumeo promene”. 17 September 2018.

^ “Potpredsednici i ministri”, Government of the Republic of Serbia, 2012

^ “Assembly session tomorrow”. B92.net. 21 October 2020. Retrieved 22 October 2020.

^ “National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia | National Assembly Speaker Biography”. www.parlament.rs. Retrieved 22 October 2020.

^ Karabeg, Omer (12 August 2012). “Koliko je opasan populizam Ivice Dačića”. Radio Slobodna Evropa (in Serbo-Croatian). Retrieved 5 June 2023.

^ Žarković, Dragoljub (22 August 2012). “Naš omiljeni policajac – Da li Ivica Dačić shvata da je premijer i što on saopštava da je uhapšen neki smutljivac iz turističkog biznisa”. Vreme (in Serbian). Retrieved 5 June 2023.

^ Pavićеvić, Vladimir (9 August 2012). “Premijerski populizam”. Politika (in Serbian). Retrieved 5 June 2023.

^ “Dačić: Tadić i Nikolić su evrofanatici, ja sam nacionalista”. 021.rs. 12 June 2012. Retrieved 8 January 2019.

^ a b c d e f g h i j “Profile: Prime Minister Ivica Dacic of Serbia”. BBC. 27 July 2012.

^ “Tensions mount over Kosovo-Serbia deal”. EUobserver. 18 September 2018. Retrieved 8 January 2019.

^ a b c d e f g Mitić, Lj. (28 July 2012). “Školski drugovi o Ivici Dačiću: Prasko je bio izuzetno dete”. Blic online (in Serbo-Croatian). Archived from the original on 26 October 2014.

^ a b c d e f g Petković, J. L (22 May 2011). “Ivica Dačić – Odlikaš u politici”. Vesti online.

^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Beta (28 June 2012). “Karijera i dostignuća Ivice Dačića”. 24 sata (in Serbo-Croatian). Archived from the original on 7 July 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2012.

^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q “”We’ve changed”: New Serb PM is ex-aide to Milosevic”, Chicago Tribune, 27 July 2012

^ Socialist party of Serbia. “President”. Archived from the original on 1 September 2012.

^ “DOCUMENTS OF THE REPUBLIC ELECTORAL COMMISSION – REGULATIONS”, Republic of Serbia, archived from the original on 27 October 2011

^ IM’s family under protection from mafia threats, B92, 1 August 2010, 68816, archived from the original on 4 August 2010

^ “Crime boss offers money reward for murder of officials”, B92, 16 July 2012, 81289, archived from the original on 31 December 2014

^ “New guard, old guard”. The Economist. 4 August 2012.

^ “SPS leader gets mandate to form Government”, B92, archived from the original on 28 June 2012

^ a b c d e f “Ex-Milosevic ally to become Serbia’s PM”. 26 July 2012.

^ “Serbia Prime Minister Ivica Dacic elected”, The San Francisco Chronicle, 27 July 2012

^ “Dačić: EU entry is Serbia’s strategic goal”, B92, 18 July 2012, 81326, archived from the original on 20 July 2012

^ a b “PM Dačić to form “economic recovery council””. 6 August 2012. Archived from the original on 8 August 2012.

^ “Serbian parliament elects new central bank governor”. Archived from the original on 21 February 2013.

^ “EU Talks Could Be Completed in Four To Five Years – Ivica Dačić”. InSerbia. 28 June 2013. Retrieved 7 August 2013.

^ “Government’s Next Goal – Unemployment – PM Dačić”. InSerbia. 9 July 2013. Archived from the original on 8 August 2013. Retrieved 7 August 2013.

^ “Kosovo MPs proclaim independence”, BBC News, 17 February 2008

^ Howard Clark (August 2000). Civil Resistance in Kosovo. Pluto Press. p. 73. ISBN 978-0-7453-1569-0.

^ “Serbian president visits Kosovo”. BBC News. 17 April 2009. Retrieved 22 April 2010.

^ “Press Release: Accordance with international law of the unilateral declaration of independence in respect of Kosovo: Advisory Opinion” (PDF). International Court of Justice. 22 July 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 August 2010. Retrieved 4 August 2010.

^ “Partition of Kosovo only solution, minister says”. B92. 15 April 2011. Archived from the original on 16 May 2011.

^ Mark Lowen (27 July 2011). “Kosovo tense after deadly clash on Serbian border”. BBC. Archived from the original on 28 July 2011. Retrieved 28 July 2011.

^ “Nato Steps in Amid Kosovo-Serbia Border Row”. Sky News. July 2011.

^ “EU criticises Kosovo police operation”. Al Jazeera. Retrieved 17 February 2012.

^ “Ivica Dačić: Zbog Kosova ako treba i rat”. Press Online. 24 November 2011. Archived from the original on 5 February 2023. Retrieved 29 August 2012.

^ “Kosovo’s recent past: The Kosovo memory book”. The Economist. 18 February 2013. Retrieved 18 February 2013.

^ “EU brokers historic Kosovo deal, door opens to Serbia accession”. Reuters. 19 April 2013.

^ Serbs lied to that “Kosovo is ours:” Serbian PM, Reuters.com, 7 March 2013.

^ “Serbia: Jorgovanka Tabakovic new National Bank governor”. Ansa. Archived from the original on 9 August 2012. Retrieved 6 August 2012.

^ “RTS :: Dačiću nagrada “Bambini” (RTS :: Dacic Award “Bambini”)”. Radio-Televizija Srbije (Radio-Television Serbia) – Rts.rs. 3 March 2011. Retrieved 6 September 2015.

^ “Đokoviću i Dačiću nagrade za izuzetan doprinos sportu”. Blic.rs.

^ Дачићу златна значка Полиције Српске (in Serbian). Радио-телевизија Републике Српске. 28 April 2012. Retrieved 29 April 2012.

^ “Ivici Dačiću orden Srpske na lenti”. 8 January 2022.

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